November 29, 2011 7:34 pm
Antibiotic resistance is a growing public health concern worldwide. When a person is infected with an antibiotic-resistant bacterium, not only is treatment of that patient more difficult, but the antibiotic-resistant bacterium may spread to other people.
When antibiotics don't work, the result can be
• longer illnesses
• more complicated illnesses
• more doctor visits
• the use of stronger and more expensive drugs
• more deaths caused by bacterial infections
Examples of the types of bacteria that have become resistant to antibiotics include the species that cause skin infections, meningitis, sexually transmitted diseases and respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia.
In cooperation with other government agencies, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has launched several initiatives to address antibiotic resistance.
The agency has issued drug labeling regulations, emphasizing the prudent use of antibiotics. The regulations encourage health care professionals to prescribe antibiotics only when clinically necessary, and to counsel patients about the proper use of such drugs and the importance of taking them as directed. FDA has also encouraged the development of new drugs, vaccines, and improved tests for infectious diseases.
Antibiotics Fight Bacteria, Not Viruses
Antibiotics are meant to be used against bacterial infections. For example, they are used to treat strep throat, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria, and skin infections caused by staphylococcal bacteria.
Although antibiotics kill bacteria, they are not effective against viruses. Therefore, they will not be effective against viral infections such as colds, most coughs, many types of sore throat, and influenza (flu).
Using antibiotics against viral infections
• will not cure the infection
• will not keep other individuals from catching the virus
• will not help a person feel better
• may cause unnecessary, harmful side effects
• may contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Patients and health care professionals alike can play an important role in combating antibiotic resistance. Patients should not demand antibiotics when a health care professional says the drugs are not needed. Health care professionals should prescribe antibiotics only for infections they believe to be caused by bacteria.
As a patient, your best approach is to ask your health care professional whether an antibiotic is likely to be effective for your condition. Also, ask what else you can do to relieve your symptoms.
So how do you know if you have a bad cold or a bacterial infection?
Joseph Toerner, M.D., MPH, a medical officer in FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, says that the symptoms of a cold or flu generally lessen over the course of a week. But if you have a fever and other symptoms that persist and worsen with the passage of days, you may have a bacterial infection and should consult your health care provider.
Follow Directions for Proper Use
When you are prescribed an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection, it's important to take the medication exactly as directed. Here are more tips to promote proper use of antibiotics.
• Complete the full course of the drug. It's important to take all of the medication, even if you are feeling better. If treatment stops too soon, the drug may not kill all the bacteria. You may become sick again, and the remaining bacteria may become resistant to the antibiotic that you've taken.
• Do not skip doses. Antibiotics are most effective when they are taken regularly.
• Do not save antibiotics. You might think that you can save an antibiotic for the next time you get sick, but an antibiotic is meant for your particular infection at the time. Never take leftover medicine. Taking the wrong medicine can delay getting the appropriate treatment and may allow your condition to worsen.
• Do not take antibiotics prescribed for someone else. These may not be appropriate for your illness, may delay correct treatment, and may allow your condition to worsen.
• Talk with your health care professional. Ask questions, especially if you are uncertain about when an antibiotic is appropriate or how to take it.
For more information, visit www.fda.gov.
November 29, 2011 7:34 pm
Real estate salesperson. Person who has passed a state examination for that position, and must work under the supervision of a broker.
November 29, 2011 7:34 pm
Q: How do I select a home inspector?
A: Begin by only hiring one who is qualified and experienced, someone who belongs to an industry trade group, such as the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI). This organization has developed formal inspection guidelines and a professional code of ethics for its members. Also, membership in ASHI is not automatic; members must have demonstrated field experience and technical knowledge about structures and their various systems.
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
I was among millions of New Englanders who were ambushed this fall by storms Irene and Alfred—along with the double-barreled punch of post-storm cleanups.
With all those cleanups progressing, hospitals across the region saw a flood of chainsaw-related emergencies. And this year there were still a number of fatalities across the country resulting from chainsaws.
This may sound like the lead-in to a horror movie, but the issue of safety when operating a chain saw is serious business. Chainsaws, loppers and other chain cutting devices are inherently hazardous, According to the U.S. Occupational & Health Administration.
But OSHA says injuries can be minimized by wearing proper personal protective equipment (PPE), and employing safe operating procedures that begin even before starting your chainsaw.
• Check controls, chain tension, handles and all bolts to ensure they are functioning properly and that they are adjusted according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Make sure that the chain is always sharp and the lubrication reservoir is full.
• Start the saw on the ground or on another firm support. NO “drop starting.”
• Start the saw at least 10 feet from the fueling area, with the chain’s brake engaged.
In addition, OSHA says when fueling a chainsaw:
• Use approved containers for transporting fuel to the saw.
• Dispense fuel at least 10 feet away from any sources of ignition when performing construction activities.
• No smoking during fueling.
• Use a funnel or a flexible hose when pouring fuel into the saw.
• Never attempt to fuel a running or hot saw.
In our next segment we'll continue our focus on chainsaw safety with tips on PPEs and getting into the job at hand.
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
When you're the boss, the holidays can mean more than a long-awaited vacation. Managers, supervisors, and executives often find themselves having to set the tone for the holidays for everything from determining who gets time off to hosting the holiday party. Wake Forest University's Evelyn Williams says finding the balance can be the difference between leading through the holidays and landing in the pitfalls.
Williams, who is associate vice president for leadership in the Wake Forest University Schools of Business, teaches undergraduate and graduate students about leadership. Her research into conflict management and team dynamics prepares her to offer three tips for leaders to thrive through the holidays.
The best gift you can give employees: gratitude
"At the holidays we're very focused on family and friends," Williams says. "But shouldn't we take this time to express gratitude to people we may see for more hours each day than our family and friends? Take the time to tell your employees how special they are. List their accomplishments or share your appreciation for their effort." Williams says the message of gratitude might accompany a holiday gift, or stand alone.
• A handwritten note or card giving personal and specific feedback will have a huge impact.
• Gratitude is inclusive and isn't subject to religious or cultural beliefs.
• Don't forget to thank internal partners or other departments who help you throughout the year.
"Sending a thank you to internal folks that serve your department or your customers used to be the tradition, but budget cuts and organizational changes may have changed that," Williams says. "We should bring that back. Tell them specifically how they have helped you through the year and you couldn't imagine doing the good job you do without their help. It really makes a difference in how they'll perceive your department and interact with you in the future."
Williams says some might leap on this idea of expressing gratitude while others scoff at it as a way to avoid holiday bonuses or gifts. "Who doesn't want to hear from their boss how special they are? It's a rare employee who says they get too much good feedback."
The best gift at the office party: sobriety
"From a leadership aspect, you're never off duty. People have different expectations of you," Williams says. "People weight your words differently. An off the cuff comment after three cocktails might be taken as devastating by a junior employee, or give them reason not to respect you." While it's natural for the boss to want to mix and mingle with employees at the holiday office party, Williams suggests you remind yourself the leadership mantle never leaves.
• Be 100% in control of your own behavior.
• Remember women lose more credibility than men do around drinking situations when there is a loss of behavioral control.
• It's okay to delegate certain tasks around the holiday office party, but leaders should set the tone and make sure behavior and gifts (such as secret Santa) are kept appropriate.
"Make sure you reflect the culture of your group, not just your own interests," Williams says about the holiday party. "Be inclusive of all your employees, since not everyone celebrates the same holidays."
The best gift to give yourself: networking
"Networking during the holidays presents a wonderful opportunity to expand and deepen your connections just by saying thank you," Williams says. "At a holiday party, don't make it about your agenda. It's a great time to practice inquiry vs. advocacy. Use your listening skills to really bond on a relational level."
• Reflect what you're hearing back during conversations: "Sounds like you're doing a really amazing job," or "Gosh, sounds like it's been a frustrating year," to enhance your listening skills.
• Be heartfelt and real. Give people in your circle something homemade like fudge or cookies, or even a small package of chocolates to let them know you're thinking of them.
• Send a holiday card with a genuine message of appreciation. Emails with earnest messages of thanks can work too, in a pinch. Consider sending a sincere message to a colleague and copying their boss because you want their manager to know how much their help has meant.
"So much of the year we are focused on solving problems at work," Williams says. "The holidays can be a time that passes by in a blur if we aren't careful. Taking a step back and focusing on the people we work with, really listening to them, saying thank you and respecting their contributions might be the best way to manage through holidays."
For more information, visit www.wfu.edu.
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
Traditions, whether passed down through generations or newly invented, help keep family and friends connected and close. Holidays are full of traditions, from the decorating of the tree to that annual winter getaway. But what happens when a tradition can’t be continued? When budgets or lifestyles change, you may be forced to find an alternative way to celebrate.
A recent Bing survey revealed that revamping holiday traditions is on the minds of many this year. Reasons vary; A major life change—such as marriage or a new baby—is the most popular reason (33 percent), with a change in financial situation coming in a close second (30 percent). No matter your reasoning, if you're looking to create new ways to celebrate and entertain this holiday, Bing's lifestyle expert, Karin Muskopf, offers the following tips:
Create Your Own Holiday
The holidays are one of the busiest party seasons of the year, and it can be tricky to get everyone together on one specific day.
"To me, it's less important what day of the year it is," said Muskopf, "and it's more about being together with good food and lots of laughs."
Muskopf suggests hosting an “Ever Before the Eve” party, held the day before the actual event so more people will have space in their schedules. Or turn your tradition into a mini competition, so guest will get into the spirit of healthy competition and look forward to the event each year.
"Our annual holiday party has turned into a highly anticipated event—Pie Night," Muskopf said. "Each guest bakes his/her own pie to bring to the party for a taste test. Everyone samples a piece of each pie, and we award the 'Most Delicious,' 'Most Festive' and 'Most Fattening' titles in a hilarious ceremony."
Spice Up the Holiday Meal
Food is the ultimate holiday tradition. Nearly half (45 percent) of survey respondents felt that eating and drinking holiday fare is the most cheerful holiday tradition. Muskopf presents the following tasty ways to enjoy holiday feasting:
· Make it a potluck—Rather than burden one family member with all the cooking duties, have everyone bring their own specialty to the table, and ask everyone to bring copies of their recipe to share. Everyone will go home with a full stomach and a delicious keepsake for holidays to come.
· Serve healthier options—"My mom's classic holiday recipes are comforting and delicious, but often come with loads of extra calories and fat," said Muskopf. "These days, it's so easy to tweak recipes so they still taste like home but won't leave you five pounds heavier come February. We use Bing Recipes to quickly calculate the nutritional value of our favorite dishes and search for new, healthy options to try!"
· Add in games—Incorporate old traditions like holiday poppers as a fun way to kick off the festivities—just be sure to make each guest wear the paper crown found inside for the rest of the night. Silly pictures and lots of laughs to follow.
Decorate with Holiday Flare
Muskopf notes that holiday decorations are no longer restricted to evergreens and twinkling lights. Show your personality through your decorations this year.
Embrace the rainbow—While red and green are the traditional holiday colors, nearly any shade can take on a holiday feel when used correctly. Hang pink and white stockings above the fireplace or set the table with plenty of gold accents.
Blend the seasons—Snowflakes and reindeer might best symbolize the winter season, but bend the rules this year by using decorative fruit to spruce up your holiday décor. Fruits wrapped in sugar or plastic ones from any store can add an interesting, colorful aspect to any mantle, table or wreath.
Personalize your space—Don't let all those embarrassing holiday portraits from years past sit in the photo album—create a holiday gallery wall to display all those fun memories. "Photos are a great way to remember what the season is all about," Muskopf said. "Displaying them creates a fun tradition each year as I go through old photos and decide which ones will make the wall."
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
Health is an important aspect of aging. Home Care Assistance, a provider of in-home care for seniors, has determined five key components of healthy longevity: healthy nutrition, physical and mental stimulation and a sense of calmness and purpose. While healthy behavior is critical all year round, the holiday season offers many opportunities for healthful activities with family and friends.
“The holidays are a great time for seniors and the people who care for them to focus on healthy lifestyle choices that enhance aging,” said Kathy Johnson, PhD, CMC and CEO of Home Care Assistance.
To illustrate how the five aspects of healthy aging can be woven into holiday celebrations, Johnson offers these suggestions:
Physical activity: Taking a walk after a hearty holiday meal is a good idea for those of any age, but it is particularly beneficial to seniors. Even aging adults who are less ambulatory can take part in some form of exercise, whether it is lifting their feet repeatedly while seated in a sturdy chair, or raising their arms skyward several times in a row.
Healthy diet: Comfort foods drawn from family or ethnic traditions are especially enjoyed by seniors during the holidays. However, the recipes for these dishes should be adapted to the palates and dietary needs of aging adults. Lean meats, such as turkey breast, are readily available during this time of year and serve as a healthy alternative to red meat for seniors. Also limit the intake of sweets and desserts that accompany celebrations—except perhaps for antioxidant rich dark chocolate. Other “super foods” for seniors that are beneficial to include in holiday meals are blueberries, flax seed, carrots, eggs, nuts and salmon.
Sharp minds: While dementia and short-term memory loss are common among seniors, mentally-stimulating activities can help them delay, or possibly even prevent, the onset of these conditions. Designing holiday festivities around skill-based games, such as Scrabble, checkers, backgammon or Boggle, not only makes the event fun for party-goers, but these activities can also help seniors maintain cognitive function. Engaging in pattern-following crafts like knitting or needlepoint also stimulates the brains of older adults in ways that can help keep them mentally fit.
Social ties: Though the holiday season can bring back memories of lost loved ones, this time of year also offers numerous opportunities for seniors to engage with other people, whether through social gatherings, phone calls, e-mail or greeting cards. Research shows that social ties keep people healthy by providing emotional support; limiting stress levels; and helping seniors maintain an irreplaceable level of independence. While group activities in family homes or senior centers can be the centerpiece of holiday celebrations, aging adults can also benefit from receiving a daily phone call or email because it helps them feel connected to those they care about.
Calmness and Purpose: For some seniors, participating in a religious service helps them maintain a calm center and focus on their life purpose; while others may prefer practices such as yoga or meditation. The holidays also offer ample opportunities for older adults to fulfill a purpose by volunteering at local organizations and nonprofits. Sharing personal stories or reading special holiday stories to younger family members and friends can also help seniors maintain a sense of connectivity to those around them.
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
Real estate investment trust (REIT). Entity that allows a very large number of investors to pool their money in the purchase of real estate, but as passive investors. The investors do not buy directly. Instead, they purchase shares in the REIT that owns the real estate investment.
November 28, 2011 7:32 pm
Q: What are the main reasons why homeowners remodel?
A: There are many reasons. Home remodeling can improve the appearance of your home, enhance its value, add to your quality of life, and appeal to future home buyers. According to a recent survey by the National Association of Home Builders, the top four reasons homeowners remodel is to obtain more space, avoid buying a new home, enjoy more amenities, and adjust to lifestyle changes.
November 22, 2011 7:12 pm
A recent report from the Huffington Post revealed that despite last-ditch attempt to lure grown-ups to movie theaters, the movie industry is suffering from ever-declining ticket sales among adult audiences. While teenagers can still be relied upon to head to the local theater, grown-ups are increasingly content to stay in, save a few dollars, and watch a movie at home. Greg Hamus, a film critic and blogger from the site FilmCatch, says watching movies at home is an affordable option, but making movie night something the whole family can enjoy sometimes proves challenging.
“Anyone can rent or buy a DVD or Blu-Ray,” Hamus notes, “but turning it into a truly compelling event takes some planning.” Hamus has compiled a set of tips for adults hoping to establish movie nights the whole family can enjoy.
“Home viewings are definitely cheaper than going to the Cineplex, but they lack some of the same wow factor,” notes Hamus. “Making home movie night into a real event takes some doing, but is ultimately a more satisfying experience.”
Hamus says the most important thing to remember is that people want more than just a movie—they want a special event. His tips follow suit.
1. Send invitations: The quickest way to turn a movie into an event is to treat it like a party. An invitation, be it paper or electronic, goes a long way.
2. Pick a theme: If planning a double feature, find a creative way to link the two movies being shown. Otherwise, think about thematic décor or even attire.
3. Plan seating: Unless a home theater is part of the house, this might prove tricky, but throw blankets, beanbag chairs, and the like will all add bonus seating on the floor.
4. Make it a game: Before the movie, look up some interesting facts about the movie or its stars, and play movie trivia.
5. Schedule an intermission: If snacks and drinks are being served, this is an especially important step to take.
According to Hamus, going out to the movies can seem like a big event, but escalating ticket prices make it less appealing for grown-ups and families alike.
“Turning a home viewing into an event is possible,” Hamus says, “so long as creativity and a little planning are involved.”